You can find a network security key in different ways, depending on the type of device where you’re searching for it.
A network security key is often labeled on the exterior of a router. You should look for a small sticker at the back or the bottom of the device. If it’s not available there, check its packaging box or the manual that came with it from the manufacturer.
On a router, the network security key would be labeled as a security key, WPA key, or passphrase. There would be a default one that came with the new device, but you need to change it to avoid unauthorized access.
Nine steps to change your network security key (network password):
- You’d need the IP address of the router to enter the login page. You can look for it in the manual that comes with the router.
- If you’re already connected to the network and using a Windows operating system, right-click on the Start button, select Run, and type cmd, then type ipconfig and press enter. If you’re working on a Mac operating system, you can press the option key and right-click on the Wi-Fi symbol available on the top-right corner of the screen to get the IP address.
- Once you have the IP address, go to the browser, type it in the address bar and press enter/return to get to your router’s login page. You can search for login credentials on the manual to get in.
- Look for a page with wireless, wireless security, or wireless settings.
- Select WPA2. It’s the best encryption.
- Change the password or network security key.
- Use the new password to reconnect to the wireless network.
When your Windows device is connected to the wireless network, you can access the saved login data to get the network security key.
For Windows 10 users, you can use the following steps to find the passphrase of your network:
- Go to the Start menu.
- Click Network Connection.
- Select Network and Sharing Center.
- Click on the wireless network icon.
- Go to Wireless Properties.
- Open the Security tab.
- Select Show Characters, and you’ll be able to see your network security key.
If you’re using a Windows 7 operating system, you can access the network security key through the following path:
- Open the Start menu.
- Go to the Control Panel.
- Click on View Network Status and Tasks available under Network and Internet.
- Click on Manage Wireless Network listed on the left side menu, and then locate your wireless network.
- Open properties by right-clicking on the wireless network.
- Open the security tab and check the box to show characters.
It’ll display the network security key you’re searching for. You can also use the same key to connect other devices to the network.
When it comes to Mac, the process of finding your network’s password is somewhat similar to Windows. You should know the Wi-Fi network’s name, and you can instantly get the security key.
Follow these six steps to find your network security key:
- Open the search function.
- Search Keyless Access.
- Search for your Wi-Fi network in the keychain access screen.
- Click on the name of your network.
- Check Show Password to see the security key of your network.
- To confirm the access rights, enter your Mac password.
Whether you have an Android or an iOS device, you can find the network security key stored on your phone in a few simple steps.
Android users with root access can use ES file explorer or Android terminal emulator, whereas users without root access can utilize Minimal ABD and Fastboot to get network security key.
- ES file explorer: You can access the root explorer feature of ES file explorer and tap Local and Device to see your root folder. Navigate to misc and wifi to view the Wi-Fi security key in the wpa_supplicant.conf file. You need root access to perform this action.
- Android terminal emulator: In the Android terminal emulator, you can issue the cat/data/misc/wifi/wpa_supplicant.conf. Command and view the file content to see the network security key. Again, this option requires root access.
- Minimal ADB and Fastboot: To find the network security key without root, you can install and connect Minimal ADB and Fastboot on your PC. Once you establish a connection with your Android device, access and see the content of wpa_supplicant.conf to get your Wi-Fi password.
Finding a network security key on your iPhone or iPad is much easier than Android, as it doesn’t require root access. You can follow the steps mentioned below to access the network security key.
- Go to iPhone Settings, and tap on iCloud.
- Enable the keychain feature by tapping on Keychain.
- Start your personal hotspot by going back to settings.
- Connect to the iPhone’s personal hotspot on your Mac.
- Press CMD + Space to open the Spotlight search utility and search for keychain access.
- Enter the name of your Wi-Fi network (service set identifier, also called SSID), and double click on SSID.
- Click on the Show Password checkbox. Type your Mac’s admin password to prove your identity and get the network security key.
When you get a network security key mismatch error while trying to log into your wireless network, there is a high possibility that you’re entering an incorrect password. But it’s not the sole reason. There can be various other causes like wrong security mode, antivirus software, or defective wireless drivers.
To fix the error, you can use some common methods mentioned below.
- Check whether your password is correct, and you’re using the set combination of uppercase and lowercase characters. Look over your caps lock key on the keyboard and type accordingly.
- Ensure that your device supports the version of the Wi-Fi network you’re trying to connect. Sometimes a network security key mismatch error comes up when you connect the device to an unsupported network.
- After entering the correct password, if your device still shows a mismatch error, try restarting the device or computer. At times, the device hangs, and restarting will bring them back to normal.
- If the error persists, you can change the type of security protocol being used. For example, if you’re using WEP, change it to WPA or WPA2.
- Another possible solution would be to disable your third-party antivirus client or update your wireless drivers to resolve the network security key mismatch error.
Although the WPA2 security algorithm offers advanced security, you must keep the network security key safe from malicious hackers. Make sure you manage passwords effectively and protect your devices from cyber attacks.